CTA Car 6719—From Scrap to History

CTA Car 6719—From Scrap to History

As dawn broke on a cold winter day in January of 2003, a 44-year-old Chicago Transit Authority rapid-transit train car slowly made its way into the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C.

This is 6719’s story, from its delivery to the Chicago Transit Authority on July 22, 1959, to its last ride on January 7, 2003.

CTA car 6719 in its Alpine Green and White paint scheme, at Congress Parkway and Paulina Street, 1975

“CTA on March 24 received the first two new rapid transit cars on an order for 100 light-weight, all-metal cars which was placed in March, 1958. The balance of the 100 rapid transit cars, purchased from the St. Louis Car Company, St. Louis, Missouri, for $5,150,5000, will be delivered at the rate of five per week until all cars are received. By using some parts from its “Green Hornet” streetcars, CTA is saving approximately $2,000,000 as compared with the cost of rapid transit cars built from all new components.” From “Start Delivery on 100 New Rapid Transit Cars”, in CTA Transit News, April 1959

The Chicago Transit Authority modernized its fleet of rapid transit “L” cars throughout the 1950s with the staggered delivery of over 700 new railcars.

Car 6719 was one of the last of over 700 steel-and-aluminum-bodied 6000-series rapid-transit train cars built by the St. Louis Car Company for the Chicago Transit Authority throughout the 1950s. When new, the car featured a colorful Croydon Cream, Swamp Holly Orange, and Colorado Spruce Green exterior paint scheme.

Delivery of Car #6719 to the Chicago Transit Authority

“Start Delivery on 100 New Rapid Transit Cars”, in CTA Transit News, April 1959

The last run of the 6000-series CTA cars, 1992

The 6000-series “L” cars ran throughout the CTA’s rapid-transit system for about 40 years. The last of these workhorses was taken out of revenue service in 1992.

CTA Replaces Last 6000-series ‘L’ Cars, 1992

“On December 4, 1992, the Chicago Transit Authority reached a milestone when it retired the last of its 6000-series ‘L’ cars that had been in service since the 1950’s.” From 1992 CTA pamphlet, CTA Replaces Last 6000-Series ‘L’ Cars

CTA Replaces Last 6000-series ‘L’ Cars, 1992

“CTA ordered the first 130 cars in the 6000 series from the St. Louis Car Company less than a year after the agency was organized in 1947, and delivery began in August, 1950. Another 70 units arrived in 1951…The original 200 cars were just the beginning of a modernization process that CTA wanted to accelerate to remove from service the remaining turn-of-the-century wooden units still in operation.” From 1992 CTA pamphlet, CTA Replaces Last 6000-Series ‘L’ Cars

Last runs of the Chicago Transit Authority’s 6000-series rapid-transit cars

CTA memorandum to “All Concerned, Rail” dated November 20, 1992

“The 6000’s are scheduled to make their last runs on the Ravenswood line Friday, December 4, 1992. One six car train will be used in the A.M. and P.M. rushes. The consist will be 6101-6102 and 6599-6600 on the ends and a third unit in the middle. The middle unit will carry an outside sign on each side of one car commemorating the event.”

Waiting to be Scrapped

After being taken out of revenue service, a handful of 6000s and similar “L” cars were used as work trains by the CTA in the 1990s. But by the end of the decade, the cars were no longer needed and were sitting in a CTA railyard, covered with graffiti and awaiting their fate.

Chicago Transit Authority transit car 6719 at Skokie Rail Yard, 1999

1999-2003: Becoming Part of History

Shrink-wrapping CTA car 6719, 2002

Once the paint dried, the car was shrink-wrapped in plastic to protect it during its 350-mile journey from Hornell, New York, to Washington, D.C.

In December of 1999, the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History purchased CTA car 6719 for its scrap value to be displayed in the planned transportion exhibition, America on the Move.

After the Smithsonian purchased CTA car 6719 from the transit agency, it was stored at the National Park Service’s Steamtown National Historic Site in Scranton, Pennsylvania, while the Museum went about the task of deciding how best to use the car in the America on the Move exhibition.

Conversations with transit experts and historians—particularly Bruce Moffat, an expert in Chicago “L” history—steered us toward the decision to restore 6719 to its original condition and to set the car in 1950s Chicago. This would allow us to examine the great challenges facing the Chicago Transit Authority in the decade after its formation, as well as big transportation issues facing America’s postwar cities as Americans took to their cars.

6719 during restoration, 2002

In 2002, transit car manufacturer Alstom Transport in Hornell, New York, offered to donate the work necessary to restore 6719 to its original paint scheme inside and out.

Unwrapping CTA transit car 6719, January 7, 2003

6719 was brought to the Museum on a trailer by Silk Road Transport, a specialized transit hauler. Oversize-load restrictions meant that the car had to travel over city streb ets between midnight and 6 a.m. Under the cover of darkness, 6719 arrived at the Museum, and its protective shrink-wrapping was removed.

Moving CTA car 6719 into the National Museum of American History, January 7, 2003

At daybreak, 6719 backed through the giant doorway, into the Museum’s Transportation Hall.

CTA car 6719 inches into the National Museum of American History, January 7, 2003

CTA car 6719 is raised to the upper level of the Transportation Hall, January 7, 2003

Moving 6719 into the Museum was a lengthy process, about 7 hours from the time the car rolled onto the Museum grounds to when it was set in place.

CTA car 6719 is set in place at NMAH, January 7, 2003

Car 6719 is placed in its permanent home.

A re-creation of the CTA’s historic Madison and Wabash Loop “L” station has been constructed around the car, and a complex audiovisual program has been installed in and around it, allowing exhibition visitors to take a virtual trip around Chicago’s elevated transit line in 1959.

Chicago Transit Authority Car #6719

View object record

Chicago Transit Authority car # 6719 is a rapid transit rail car made by the St. Louis Car Company in 1959, and delivered to the Chicago Transit Authority July 22, 1959. CTA car 6719 was in revenue operation for about 30 years, then used as a work train by CTA for a number of years. The National Museum of American History purchased the car at scrap valuation in December 1999 for the America on the Move Exhibit. Car 6719 is the "A" car of a permanently coupled pair and contains the motorman's cab.