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History Preservation Collection Body Parts
History
Before Papier-Mache
What is Papier-Mache?
Comparative Anatomy
Learning Anatomy in the 20th Century
Photogragp of a museum exhibit with an Auzoux male model, University of Michigan
  Museum exhibit with an Auzoux male model, University of Michigan. From the Gibson Collection, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan
Photograph of an Auzoux horse in exhibit at the Army Medical Museum, about 1900
  Photograph of an Auzoux horse in exhibit at the Army Medical Museum, about 1900. From the National Museum of Health and Medicine, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology
Before the 20th century, few anatomical models or charts were produced in the United States. Medical schools and museums, including the Smithsonian, relied on Ward's Natural Science Establishment of Rochester, New York, and other dealers to procure the highly respected European anatomical models.
 
The Smithsonian's Division of Comparative Anatomy purchased most of our papier-mâché models from Ward's. These models illustrated the similarities and differences between human and veterinary structures. They were exhibited at the 1893 Columbian Exposition in Chicago and the 1895 Cotton Exposition in Atlanta.
 
Many museums, both large and small, have collections of Auzoux's papier-mâché models. This photograph of an Auzoux horse on exhibit at the Army Medical Museum dates from about 1900.
 
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Photograph of the front cover of Wards Catalogue, 1893
  Front cover of Wards Catalogue, 1893  
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