Groats, euros, and eagles, oh my!
Editor’s note: This is the third of a nine-part series that follows the European tour of one of the Smithsonian’s most treasured coins, the 1933 Double Eagle, affectionately known as “Our Girl.”
People think Ireland is only an English-speaking country, but many speak Irish Gaelic. Irish sign outside of the Museum of Modern Art in Dublin
We’re especially excited to bring "Our Girl" to Ireland, since the American sculptor who developed the 1933 Double Eagle design, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, was actually born in Dublin in 1848!
Upon arriving in Dublin, curator Karen Lee's team was whisked off to the Irish Museum of Modern Art, where things were organized for "Our Girl’s" installation.
Don’t you agree that the display case looks much better when she is inside?
Meanwhile, back in America, the interns at the National Numismatic Collection discovered a curious parallel between one of the coins in our collection and one of the coins in Lee’s change jar.
The coin on the left is an Anglo-Irish silver “Groat,” or four pence piece, struck in 1536 under the reign of Henry VIII. The coin on the right is a two euro coin, minted in 2002, recognizing Ireland’s membership in the European Union. Notice the similarity?
The harp has been a symbol in Ireland for centuries, although the coin on the left, known as the Henry VIII Harp Groat, marks the harp’s first appearance on Irish coinage. When Ireland gained independence from England in 1921, the new Irish Free State chose to use the harp again on its coins as a national symbol. It issued its first currency in 1928. As the harp was adopted as a national symbol by the Irish government, so was Lady Liberty adopted by the United States Mint. Although most of us are familiar with the portrait profiles of Lincoln, Jefferson, Roosevelt, and the occasional Susan B. Anthony on our coins, Lady Liberty has appeared on American money since the founding of the country.
Right:The Flowing Hair Dollar, struck from 1794 to 1795, a dollar coin depicting Lady Liberty with “flowing hair.” Left:The Morgan Dollar, a dollar coin minted from 1878 to 1921, named after its engraver, George T. Morgan.
“Our Girl,” the 1933 Double Eagle, is only one in a long line of American coins which have depicted Lady Liberty as our national symbol.
Next stop on the tour: The Royal Library in Brussels, Belgium, on March 9th and March 10th.
- London: March 1-4
- Dublin: March 6-7
- Brussels: March 9-10
- Prague: March 12-14
- Warsaw: March 16-17
- Oslo: March 19-23
- Helsinki: March 25-29
Karen Lee is an associate curator and Samantha DesRochers and Betsy Franz are interns in the National Numismatic Collection at the National Museum of American History.