Separate Is Not Equal - Brown v. Board of Education

Smithsonian National Museum of American History Behring Center

Segregated America
The Battleground
Legal Campaign
Five Communities Change a Nation
  • Clarendon County, SC
  • Topeka, Kansas
  • Farmville, Virginia
  • New Castle County, DE
  • Washington, DC
The Decision
Judge Waring

Judge Waring

J. Waties Waring, a member of the three-judge panel, wrote the dissenting opinion. He was one of many white southerners who stood up for justice at a time when many of his neighbors clung to old ways. As a supporter of equal rights, he endured both psychological and physical intimidation and eventually moved from Charleston to New York City.
(Courtesy of Moorland-springarn Research Center)

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