Arithmetic Teaching ApparatusFlash Cards
Instructive playing cards were made in England from the early 1700s. Card playing was frowned upon in most Victorian schoolrooms, but special instructive cards found a place in some schools. By the twentieth century, flash cards were used to relieve the monotony of drill in arithmetic. Sometimes, they were carefully graduated to accommodate the increasing skills of children. In the 1960s, advocates of educational reform encouraged students to think more abstractly, reworking the presentation used in flash cards to meet the standards of the “New Math” of that era.
"Arithmetic Teaching Apparatus - Flash Cards" showing 1 items.
- This toy is designed to teach preschool children letters and numbers. The set includes nine cards for digits and 26 cards for letters of the alphabet. The top of each card shows either a number written out in letters and a corresponding number of objects (e.g., the number "ONE" and one pencil) or a capital letter and a familiar object whose name begins with that letter (e.g., B and a blackboard). On the lower part of the card are a scattered array of either digits (e.g., 1, 3, 7) or small letters (e.g., b, m, d). A red plastic stand with an array of holes in it fits over the bottom of a card. It reveals only the digit or letter that corresponds to the picture above.
- A mark on the remnant of the cover of the box reads: ASSORTED PICTURE FLASH CARDS. A second mark reads: No. 301. A third mark reads: BAR-ZIM MANUFACTURING CO., JERSEY CITY, N.J. A fourth mark reads: U.S. PAT. NO. 2,971,268. Individual cards are marked: THE (/) ROMPER (/) ROOM.
- The design of the cards is based on a patent of Harry Zimmerman of New York, N.Y., (#2,971,268, applied for December 29, 1959, and granted February 14, 1961).
- Currently not on view
- date made
- ca 1961
- Bar-Zim Manufacturing Company
- ID Number
- catalog number
- accession number
- Data Source
- National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center