Arithmetic Teaching ApparatusFrom Teaching Machines to Electronic Devices
In the early 1950s, Harvard psychologist and new father B. F. Skinner turned his attention to arithmetic teaching. He argued that such instruction could be carried out by machine, and designed apparatus for that purpose. With the advent of inexpensive electronic equipment, a variety of other instruments were put to use in arithmetic instruction.
"Arithmetic Teaching Apparatus - From Teaching Machines to Electronic Devices" showing 1 items.
- Introduced in mid-1976, the Little Professor is a non-printing electronic calculator modified to present simple arithmetic problems. A correct answer prompts another problem on the eight-digit display. An error delivers the message, "EEE." The colorful keyboard shows a professor with whiskers and glasses. The red light-emitting diode screen, in combination with the top of the instrument, looks like a mortar board.
- This example has buttons that allow one to set the level of problems, as well as an on-off button on the front rather than the side of the machine. These features were introduced in a version of the machine made from 1978 onward.
- P. A. Kidwell, A. Ackerberg-Hastings, and D. L. Roberts, Tools of American Mathematics Teaching, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008, pp. 261–262.
- Currently not on view
- date made
- ca 1978
- Texas Instruments
- ID Number
- accession number
- catalog number
- Data Source
- National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center