Arithmetic Teaching ApparatusTests
Throughout most of the nineteenth century, teachers tested the progress of students with oral examinations, often held at the blackboard. By the end of the century, more formal written examinations were used in some states to test graduates of academies in high schools and to accredit teachers. A few universities began to offer advanced degrees in education, and faculty there reflected on the history of mathematics education in this country.
At the same time, as the number of students attending school expanded, as high schools began to offer vocational training, and as manufacturing became more efficient, several authors worried about maximizing the efficiency of schools. A variety of standardized examinations were introduced to predict the performance of students, to point up areas where they needed work, and to evaluate school systems.
"Arithmetic Teaching Apparatus - Tests" showing 1 items.
- This paper and pencil arithmetic examination was part of the first (1922) edition of a set of tests developed at Stanford University by professor of psychology Lewis M. Terman, statistician and assistant professor of education Truman L. Kelley, and doctoral student Giles M. Ruch (Stanford PhD., 1922). World Book Company published the tests. Scores on the arithmetic examination are divided into two parts: computation of numerical examples, and word problems.
- The Stanford Achievement Tests were designed to test the accomplishments of school children in grades two through eight. Editions of the examinations are still in print.
- This example of the test is from the collection of clinical psychologist David Shakow.
- Stanford University, Annual Report of the President of Stanford University, Stanford University: By the University, 1922, pp. 186, 281.
- Currently not on view
- date made
- Kelley, Truman L.
- Ruch, Giles M.
- Terman, Lewis M.
- ID Number
- catalog number
- accession number
- Data Source
- National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center