Arithmetic Teaching ApparatusTests
Throughout most of the nineteenth century, teachers tested the progress of students with oral examinations, often held at the blackboard. By the end of the century, more formal written examinations were used in some states to test graduates of academies in high schools and to accredit teachers. A few universities began to offer advanced degrees in education, and faculty there reflected on the history of mathematics education in this country.
At the same time, as the number of students attending school expanded, as high schools began to offer vocational training, and as manufacturing became more efficient, several authors worried about maximizing the efficiency of schools. A variety of standardized examinations were introduced to predict the performance of students, to point up areas where they needed work, and to evaluate school systems.
"Arithmetic Teaching Apparatus - Tests" showing 1 items.
- This collection of tests for students in grades six, seven and eight is an early example of a paper and pencil standardized examination for school children. Included (printed to be read going one direction) are seven tests collectively designed to measure general intelligence. They include multiple choice tests of analogies, arithmetic word problems, vocabulary, matching symbols to numerals (called substitution), verbal ingenuity, arithmetical ingenuity, and synonyms and antonyms. A test of silent reading ability and seven tests of operations of arithmetic are printed to be read going in the other direction.
- These tests were developed at the Bureau of Educational Research at the University of Illinois by Walter S. Monroe and B. R. Buckingham. They were published by The Public School Publishing Company of Bloomington, Illinois, and also are known as the Illinois Examination. This version is copyrighted 1920.
- This example of the test is from the collection of clinical psychologist David Shakow.
- The test is glued to an orange piece of cardboard.
- Edward H. Cameron, Psychology and the School, New York: Century Company, 1921, pp. 317–334.
- Currently not on view
- date made
- Buckingham, B. R.
- Monroe, Walter Scott
- ID Number
- catalog number
- accession number
- Data Source
- National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center