Part of a nation's history lies in what people eat. Artifacts at the Museum document the history of food in the United States from farm machinery to diet fads.
More than 1,300 pieces of stoneware and earthenware show how Americans have stored, prepared, and served food for centuries. Ovens, cookie cutters, kettles, aprons, and ice-cream-making machines are part of the collections, along with home canning jars and winemaking equipment. More than 1,000 objects recently came to the Museum when author and cooking show host Julia Child donated her entire kitchen, from appliances to cookbooks.
Advertising and business records of several food companies—such as Hills Brothers Coffee, Pepsi Cola, and Campbell's Soup—represent the commercial side of the subject
"Food - Overview" showing 9 items.
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- Variant company name
- Established 1918. "Parks-Cramer Company came into existence August 27, 1918 through the consolidation of a firm founded at Fitchburg, Massachusetts in 1901 by Gilbert M. Parks, and a Charlotte, NC firm composed of Stuart W. Cramer, William B. Hodge and others. The business, then as now, included the manufacture of industrial air conditioning equipment, trademarked "Certified Climate." It is interesting to note, in this connection, that Mr. Cramer originated and was first to use the term, "air-conditioning."" (see http://www.cmstory.org/history/hornets/industry.htm). The new company established business operations in Fitchburg, Boston, and Charlotte. Improvements in the humidification systems for textile factories in South which contributed significantly to the expansion of the textile industry in the region. The production of Parks-Cramer humidifiers and air-conditioning equipment began amidst growing experimentation and innovation throughout Europe and the United States in all forms of industrial ventilating, heating, cooling, and air-washing systems. The well-established textile industry spurred much of this experimentation, particularly after World War I, when manufacturers were increasingly concerned with technological innovations to increase productivity in the mills (Hall et al. 1987, 201-204). Air-conditioning in the cotton mills, which concerned primarily the control of humidity levels and airborne particles, was crucial to maximum productivity. The demand for humidity had been one of the factors in the location of the early mills near the rivers and coast of New England, and the ability to recreate artificially this condition was key to the success of textile mills in the South. Atmospheric moisture helped prevent the yarns from breaking which, in addition to wasting materials and producing a loose weave, caused machines to malfunction. Furthermore, air-washing equipment helped reduce the lint created during textile production which generated static electricity as well as hazardous working conditions (McLaughlin 1938, 235; Ingels 1952, 120-121; 132-136) (See http://www.cmhpf.org/surveys&rparkscramer.htm)
- Company Name
- Parks-Cramer Co.
- Related companies
- G.M. Parks (Fitchburg, MA) ; Stuart Warren Cramer (Charlotte, NC) ;
- Record ID
- Data source
- Smithsonian Libraries