Insulin and Diabetes ManagementGlucose (Sugar) Monitoring
Monitoring glucose (sugar) levels in urine or blood has always been part of the insulin users’ daily routine. The first home tests involved boiling urine over an alcohol burner and observing color change after adding a chemical reagent. Later kits replaced the alcohol and liquid chemicals with reactive tablets which required no exterior heat source. By the 1960s color changing testing strips were developed which reacted directly with urine.
Today, most testing is done using blood glucose, rather than urine glucose. Blood glucose testing was not possible outside of the laboratory until the 1970s when the first test strips and digital blood glucose monitoring devices became available for home use.
|Examination of Urine for Sugar with the Urine Sugar Test Case, Sheftel, from Diabetes Mellitus by Eli Lilly and Company. 1942.|
"Insulin and Diabetes Management - Glucose (Sugar) Monitoring" showing 1 items.
- Description (Brief)
- Fermentation saccharometers were used to estimate the amount of sugar in urine and diagnose diabetes. A small amount of yeast was mixed with 10cc of urine and then poured into the bulb of the saccharometer. The apparatus was then tilted slightly to allow the liquid to flow into the graduated tube and force the air out. If sugar was present in the urine, alcoholic fermentation would begin. The carbon dioxide gas created in the fermenting process would rise to the top of the closed tube and force the level of liquid down. The changed level of the liquid corresponded to the approximate quantity of sugar present. The percentage of sugar could be read off the graduated scale on the closed tube side of the apparatus.
- This device was developed by Dr. Max Einhorn, a gastroenterologist.
- Currently not on view
- date made
- ca 1900
- Einhorn, Max
- Eimer and Amend
- ID Number
- catalog number
- accession number
- Data Source
- National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center