Mexican AmericaResources and Credits
This section contains educational materials to supplement your journey through Mexican America as illustrated by the collections of the National Museum of American History.
The glossary explains some of the terms used to talk about the history and peoples of Mexico and the American West and Southwest.
The national borders of Mexico have changed radically between the start of the Aztec Empire in the 14th century and the present. See Mexican maps from the collections of the University of Texas Libraries.
Scenes and figures from postcards commemorating the American West and Southwest from the Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
- Colonia outside of El Paso (circa 1920)
- David Crockett
- Greetings from San Antonio, Texas (The Alamo)
- Mexican Home, New Mexico (circa 1925)
- Old Spanish Days (circa 1925)
Historical scenes and figures from Mexico from the Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
- Avenida A Tijuana (circa 1910)
- Basílica de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe (circa 1925)
- Calle del Comercio Ciudad Juárez (circa 1925)
- Mexican Market Scene (undated photograph)
- Taxco, Guerrero (circa 1910)
- Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Teotihuacan (circa 1910)
Other Smithsonian Institution projects about the peoples of Mexico and their descendants, culture, and environment.
For additional information on the history of Mexico, Mexican Americans, and the diverse peoples of the American West and Southwest, please see the bibliography.
Esta sección contiene materiales educativos a fin de complementar el recorrido a través de la América Mexicana ilustrado por objetos provenientes de las colecciones del Museo Nacional de Historia Americana.
Pulsando sobre el enlace que se observa a continuación se puede acceder a un glosario donde se explican algunos de los términos usados para referirse a la historia y a los pueblos de México, tanto como del oeste y sudoeste de América.
Los límites nacionales de México han cambiado radicalmente entre los comienzos del Imperio Azteca en el siglo XIV y el presente. Pulse el siguiente enlace para ver mapas de México de las colecciones de las Bibliotecas de la Universidad .de Texas.
Pulsar los siguientes enlaces para ver tarjetas con escenas y figuras, y fotos conmemorativas del oeste y sudoeste americano de la Colección de Postales Victor A. Blenkle, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
- Colonia en las afueras de El Paso (ca. 1920)
- David Crockett
- Saludos desde San Antonio, Texas
- Hogar Mexicano, Nuevo México (ca. 1925)
- Viejos Tiempos Españoles (ca. 1925)
Pulsar los siguientes enlaces para ver escenas y figuras históricas de México.
- Avenida A Tijuana (ca. 1910)
- Basílica de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe (ca. 1925)
- Calle del Comercio Ciudad Juárez (ca. 1925)
- Escena de un Mercado Mexicano (foto sin fecha)
- Taxco, Guerrero (circa 1910)
- Templo de Quetzalcoatl, Teotihuacan (ca. 1910)
Pulsar los siguientes enlaces para ver otros proyectos de la Institución Smithsonian acerca de los pueblos de México y sus descendientes, su cultura y su entorno.
Para mayor información sobre la historia de México, los mexicoamericanos y los diversos pueblos del oeste y sudoeste americano, por favor pulsar sobre el enlace de bibliografía a continuación.
The Mexican America object group is a collective effort of the staff of the National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center: Division of Home and Community Life; Division of Information Technology and Communications; Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment; Division of Politics and Reform; New Media Program; Program in Latino History and Culture; Office and Museum Management and Services; and Registration Services.
Special thanks to Diana Taggart and Michelle Sánchez.
El grupo de objetos América Mexicana es un esfuerzo conjunto del personal del Museo Nacional de Historia Americana, del Centro Kenneth E. Behring: División de Vida en el Hogar y la Comunidad; División de Tecnología Informativa y Comunicaciones; División de Música, Deportes y Entretenimiento; División de Política y Reforma; Programa de Nuevos Medios de Comunicación; Programa de Historia y Cultura Latinas; La Oficina de Gestión y Servicios de Museo; y la Oficina de Servicios de Adquisiciones.
Un agradecimiento especial a Diana Taggart y Michelle Sánchez.
"Mexican America - Resources and Credits" showing 1 items.
- This record comes from another Smithsonian unit: National Anthropological ArchivesNo Image Available
- John P. Harrington's involvement in the area of north-central California began in September 1921 when he undertook five months of fieldwork on Chimariko with Sally Noble, who was then residing in Denny on New River. The emphasis of his work at that time was recording the phonetics and grammatical structure of the language. Shortly afterwards he worked with a number of Achomawi, Atsugewi, Wintu, and Yana speakers, recording brief vocabularies, extensive placename notes, and some myths.
- Through correspondence with Edward Sapir in the fall of 1927, Harrington learned of Billy George (alias Hayfork Bill), a Wintu and Chimariko speaker. Harrington had occasion to conduct a lengthy interview with him at Hayfork during the summer of 1928. Harrington also had the opportunity to work briefly with Ann McKay, an elderly Wintu speaker, and with Abe Bush, who had previously provided linguistic information to C. Hart Merriam and Edward Sapir. Some of Harrington's time in 1928 was also spent at Stone Lagoon reviewing with Lucy Montgomery the notes he had compiled with Sally Noble.
- In mid-May 1931 Harrington returned to Hayfork and Hyampom to resume his field studies with George and Bush. For a virtually uninterrupted period from then until January 1932, he worked with these consultants and with numerous other speakers of Wintu, as well as with members of the neighboring Yana and Achomawi tribes. As this was a linguistically complex region, many of those he worked with were bi-or multilingual. Harrington evidently arranged his elicitation sessions to include speakers of different languages.
- Harrington had multiple aims in conducting fieldwork in the region. Initially he wished to add to the already existing files of linguistic data which he had accumulated some ten years before. (See subseries "Chimariko/Hupa" and "Achomawi/Atsugewi/Wintu/Yana.") He was also interested in pursuing his botanical studies of the area, which had begun in 1928 and 1930 when his field assistant George W. Bayley had made collections of spring plants with Montgomery. The primary focus of his work, however, was the ethnogeography of the region. He was keenly interested in collecting a network of placenames throughout Shasta and Trinity counties and in determining the location of borders between the tribal territories.
- The bulk of this subseries of the Northern and Central California series consists of Harrington's research on Yana, Achomawi, Wintu, and Chimariko in 1931-1932 in Hayfork and Hyampom Valley. Materials include comparative vocabularies; notes from rehearings of secondary sources by Edward Sapir, T.T. Waterman, and Alfred Kroeber; placename data; brief texts; and ethnographic, historical, and biographical notes.
- There are two sections of vocabulary in the subseries. The Yana, Achomawi, and Wintu section begins with two short Yana word lists from Grapevine Tom. Much of the earlier data from Tom was incorrect-probably because he was being evasive or uncooperative. Thus, in succeeding sessions, Harrington worked with him in the presence of a second or third Yana speaker. In this later work, the abbreviation "Grt." was adopted for Tom. His earlier data was labeled "Grpt." The major portion of the section is arranged semantically. The sections on plants and animals are particularly extensive. Names of plants were elicited for the most part from specimens collected on numerous trips. There are occasional references to cultural practices and myths throughout the notes. The Wintu-Chimariko vocabulary section is arranged for the most part by terms in the Hayfork dialect of Wintu. Equivalents are provided in the McCloud dialect and, in some cases, in Chimariko. The section on plant names includes data obtained by Harrington as early as 1928. There are numerous references to botanical specimens collected for him by his field assistant George W. Bayley.
- The rehearings are mostly of Yana papers by Edward Sapir and T.T. Waterman as well as Roland Dixon's "The Chimariko Indians and Language." As part of a continuing effort to determine the relationship of Esselen to other California languages, Harrington also reheard Esselen vocabulary in Alfred Kroeber's "The Languages of the Coast of California South of San Francisco.
- His records relating to Yana, Achomawi, Wintu, and Chimariko placenames are extensive. There are two types of notes: those recorded during "armchair interviews" with informants and those made during trips with them. Usually individual names were recorded one to a page and were accompanied by data regarding the translation of the Indian name, the location, and the cultural or historical significance of the site. To elaborate upon the data gathered in these initial interviews, Harrington frequently made automobile and walking trips with his consultants, asking them to name the places they encountered. These notes were recorded in journals or logs, which contain, in addition to the above-described data, mileage from starting points, hand-drawn maps, and descriptions of neighboring topographical features.
- The subseries also contains textual data Harrington collected. Several texts were recorded in Wintu, including one with a translation from Jim Feder. English summaries of the Flood Myth and the story of Coyote's Daughter were obtained from Billy George and Grapevine Tom. Joe Charles contributed a Redding myth. Miscellaneous notes on storytelling and on song texts were recorded from Billy Wright, Tom, and Rosa and Joe Charles.
- There are also notes on the history and culture of the northern California tribes. Information was recorded throughout the summer and fall of 1931 from virtually all of his major linguistic consultants. Subjects covered in the notes include battles, baskets, games, clothing, customs, and herbal cures. Also filed here is a copy of a speech given to young men.
- Additional materials include biographical notes as well as notes on vocabulary, placenames, and tribenames from Sarah Kloochoo, Billy Stone, and Mr. Radcliffe.
- Cite as
- Northern and Central California: Yana/Achomawi/Wintu/Chimariko, John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
- Harrington, John Peabody 1884-1961
- Local number
- Accession #1976-95
- Data Source
- National Anthropological Archives