Punch Hand Puppet

Description (Brief)
This hand puppet , one of Bill Baird's * early creations, was made between 1926-1927 for Miquel Varell. A character from the classic Punch and Judy show, this clown is hand carved from wood with strong features , including a wide grin, a large nose and a pointed chin, that have been carefully painted. He is dressed in a red, blue, black and yellow diamond patterned suit , a white velvet hat and carved green shoes. A metal hanging hook and a sleeve or short skirt is attached to the back off the figure used for the puppeteers hand.
This puppet is one of a group of characters Baird created for Miquel Varell. Originally from Budapest, Hungary, Varell immigrated to the United States after World War I in search of a better life. Despite a lack of any formal training in the theater, Varell's life long love of puppetry inspired him to establish a puppet company based on a European style Grand Guignol (Punch and Judy) traveling show. But Varell needed someone to create the puppets based on his own specifications. He approached Tony Sarg, his friend and well known puppeteer, to find someone who could create the puppets according to his specifications. The task went to the up and coming Bill Baird a young apprentice working with Sarg. Baird created a remarkable cast of 12-15 puppets for Varell's theater.
* (For information on Baird see 1980.0315; Slugger Ryan)
Using the puppets provided by Baird , Varell constructed his own portable theater including stage sets, and performed at schools, clubs and children's parties. Sadly, his career was short lived. The European style of puppetry, based on expression and moment, was replaced with talking puppets and Varell spoke only broken English.
Varell kept only eight of the original puppets and sold the rest along with his portable theater. This group of eight puppets passed on to his daughter who kindly donated them to the Smithsonian in 1993.
Currently not on view
Date made
Varell, Miquel V.
Baird, Bill
place made
United States: New York, New York
Associated Place
United States: New York, New York
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
fabric (overall material)
metal (overall material)
overall: 43 cm x 32 cm; 16 15/16 in x 12 5/8 in
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Credit Line
Gift of Lia V. Dingfelder
See more items in
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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