United States, Ten Dollars, Pattern, 1874

United States Mint, Philadelphia. Obverse: Head of Liberty, date below. Reverse: Inscription about the coin's weight and metallic fineness in center, domestic denomination and foreign equivalents in surrounding cartouches. This pattern was part of the drive towards a coin with the potential for easy international acceptance.
A dozen or so are known in copper, a few others in other metals. They are called Bickford patterns after Dana Bickford, who proposed the convertibility idea.
[reference no. Judd 1375]
Currently not on view
Object Name
Date made
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Physical Description
bronze (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
overall: dia. 35 mm; wt. 14.872 g
place of issue
United States
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Coins, Currency and Medals
See more items in
Political History: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
United States Mint
Publication title
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL
Additional Media

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