ERA Charm Bracelet (IV)

Description
This is the fourth of four bracelets displaying charms for the states that voted to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA).
The 19th amendment giving women the right to vote was ratified on August 18, 1920. Women had won the vote but not full equality, so Alice Paul and the National Woman’s Party took up the fight for equal rights. Believing that the more she understood about law the more useful she would be, Paul went back to school and earned three law degrees. In 1923 she drafted the text of the Equal Rights Amendment and worked for women’s equality in national and international forums for the rest of her career. In 1972 when Congress passed the Equal Rights Amendment designed to guarantee protection against sexual discrimination for women under the law and sent it to the states for ratification, Paul began a set of charm bracelets. She added a charm engraved with the date that each state ratified the amendment. She had started her fourth bracelet when she suffered a stroke in 1974. An Ohio state charm dated 2/7/74 was the last one that she added. Alice Paul died on July 9, 1977, at the age of 92. She would never know that the amendment for which she had fought so long and hard would not be ratified.
This bracelet has charms representing states that had ratified the amendment after its passing. There are charms for Montana, Ohio, and Maine.
The ERA failed to meet the requisite number of state ratifications (38) by Congress’ deadline of June 30, 1982 and so was not adopted as a Constitutional amendment. It has since been reintroduced several times.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
bracelet, charm
associated institution
National Woman's Party
associated person
Paul, Alice
Physical Description
silver (overall material)
enamel (overall material)
Measurements
average spatial: 1 1/4 in x 6 1/2 in; 3.175 cm x 16.51 cm
ID Number
1987.0165.042
catalog number
1987.0165.042
accession number
1987.0165
subject
Government, Politics, and Reform
Women's Rights
Women's Suffrage
Equal Rights Amendment
Voting Rights
Woman Suffrage
See more items in
Political History: Political History, Women's History Collection
Woman Suffrage
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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