1838 Fairman's Patent Model of a Loom

Power Loom Patent Model
Patent No. 595, issued February 6, 1838
Elijah Fairman of Stafford, Connecticut
Fairman’s improvements, consisting of an additional cam and a set of treadles, were applied to power looms in common use. His improvements allowed the harnesses to operate more smoothly and the warp to open, enabling the shuttle to pass more easily. The end result was that the loom was better suited to weaving either light or heavy fabrics. Six pages and three illustrations in Clinton Gilroy’s 1844 book, The Art of Weaving, are spent in describing Fairman’s patent. Gilroy commented that Fairman’s loom would probably work fine for simple weaves, but for fancy patterned work, requiring 10 to 100 heddle frames, it would be totally impractical.
Currently not on view
Object Name
loom patent model
model constructed
before 1838-02-06
patent date
Fairman, Elijah
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
metal (mechanisms material)
associated place
United States: Connecticut, Stafford
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
patent number
Patent Models
Patent Models
Patent Models, Textile Machinery
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Textiles
Patent Models
Patent Models, Textile Machinery
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Janssen, Barbara Suit. Patent Models Index

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