1843 Bean's Patent Model of a Sewing Machine

Description
Sewing Machine Patent Model
Patent No. 2,982 issued March 4, 1843
Benjamin W. Bean of New York, New York
The second American patent (Patent No. 2,982) for a sewing machine was granted to Benjamin W. Bean on March 4, 1843. Bean’s machine made a running stitch by feeding the fabric between the teeth of a series of gears and onto a threaded bent needle. Turning the crank-handle from left to right moves the gearing in a similar motion to a crimping machine. The stationary crooked needle lays in a groove in the gears, with a point at one end and an eye at the other. A wooden screw clamp secures the machine to the worktable.
This invention was similar to Greenough’s in making a running stitch, but the approach was different. Bean’s method, like Greenough’s, was yet another attempt to emulate hand sewing. Although Bean’s running stitch machine had little commercial success, small inexpensive machines were later sold in the 1860s for household use based on this principle. It remained for Elias Howe, three years later, to patent a sewing machine using a lockstitch that functioned differently from the movements of hand sewing.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
sewing machine patent model
model constructed
before 1843-03-04
patent date
1843-03-04
inventor
Bean, Benjamin W.
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 7 1/2 in x 10 in x 9 in; 19.05 cm x 25.4 cm x 22.86 cm
ID Number
TE*T06049
catalog number
T06049.000
patent number
002982
accession number
48865
subject
Textiles
Patent Models
Patent Models
Invention
Patent Models, Sewing Machines
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Textiles
Patent Models
Patent Models, Sewing Machines
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
listed
Janssen, Barbara Suit. Patent Models Index
Publication title
The Sewing Machine: Its Invention and Development
Publication author
Cooper, Grace Rogers
Publication URL
http://www.sil.si.edu/DigitalCollections/HST/Cooper/CF/view.cfm
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