1843 Corliss's Patent Model of a Sewing Machine

Description
Sewing Machine Patent Model
Patent No. 3,389, issued December 27, 1843
George Henry Corliss of Greenwich, New York
In 1825, George Corliss’s physician father moved the family to Greenwich, New York, where George, then 8, grew up. The son spent several years as a young man clerking in a country store and in 1838 opened his own country store in Greenwich. While running the store, George received complaints about the stitching of leather boots from a customer. Since all stitching was done by hand, George wondered why a machine had not been invented that would stitch stronger seams.
He analyzed the saddler’s stitch, which was commonly used to stitch boot seams, and developed the concepts of the mechanisms that would be necessary to reproduce the stitch with a machine. By 1843, he had developed such a machine and received Patent Number 3,389. In his patent specification, he described the operation of the “Sewing Engine” as follows: “Like the common process of sewing by hand, it is provided in this machine that the article under operation be perforated for each stitch, and that the perforation be filled with a thread passed through it from each side. The instruments by which this is affected repeat their operations always at the same point. The article to be sewed is therefore moved at each stitch.” Knight’s Mechanical Dictionary of 1881 indicated that the machine was similar in operation to the Greenough patented in 1842 in the use of the running stitch. In his patent claims, Corliss noted the rectilinear and lateral movements of the awls; the movements of the needles; the combination of levers; the method of forming stitches; and the mechanism that prevents the entanglement of threads.
Hoping to promote his sewing machine patent, George moved his family to Providence, Rhode Island, in 1844 to gain financial backing and machine shop experience. Associating himself in business with John Barstow and Edwin J. Nightingale to develop and manufacture steam engines, Corliss received many patents relating to steam engines and their associated components. His interest in sewing machines was overtaken by his pursuit of improvements to steam engines, for which he became famous.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
sewing machine patent model
model constructed
before 1843-12-27
patent date
1843-12-27
inventor
Corliss, George H.
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 16 3/4 in x 24 in x 13 1/2 in; 42.545 cm x 60.96 cm x 34.29 cm
ID Number
TE*T06110
catalog number
T06110.000
patent number
003389
accession number
89797
subject
Textiles
Patent Models
Patent Models
Invention
Patent Models, Sewing Machines
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Textiles
Patent Models
Patent Models, Sewing Machines
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
listed
Janssen, Barbara Suit. Patent Models Index
Publication title
The Sewing Machine: Its Invention and Development
Publication author
Cooper, Grace Rogers
Publication URL
http://www.sil.si.edu/DigitalCollections/HST/Cooper/CF/view.cfm
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