United States, One Cent, Proof, 1823

United States Mint, Philadelphia. Obverse: Liberty head with coronet facing left, thirteen stars surrounding, date below. Reverse: Denomination within a single wreath. Robert Scot created these designs, which remained in use between 1816 and 1835.
Cents of this type are likely to have been seen by almost every collector for they are among the most common of early American coins. But this coin is not common. The year 1823 is one of the scarcer dates in the cent series. In addition, this coin is an "overdate." It was created from an earlier die (for 1822 cents) that was softened, redated for the current year, hardened, and put back into service. Overdates are quite common among early American coins, as a fledgling United States Mint tried to cut corners wherever it could.
Finally, this coin is a "proof." It was struck on a highly polished planchet (a disk of metal cut and prepared for striking as a coin) under far more exacting standards than ordinary coins. It has been estimated that only two other proof 1823/2 cents exist.
Currently not on view
Object Name
Date made
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Physical Description
copper (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
overall: .2 cm x 2.8 cm; 3/32 in x 1 3/32 in
place of issue
United States
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
See more items in
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Government Transfer: US DOTT, USM
Related Publication
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL
Additional Media

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