United States, New York, Copper Pattern, 1787

Produced at a private mint, either in New York City or Rahway Mills, New Jersey. Obverse: Standing Indian with bow and tomahawk. Reverse: Arms of New York State, date below. In common with several other states (who enjoyed the power to coin or circulate money under the Articles of Confederation, then still in force) New York mulled over the idea of a contract coinage. One of the prominent players was James F. Atlee, who created this pattern for his friend Thomas Machin. The latter was in hot pursuit of a contract to strike copper coinage for the state of New York. Machin did not receive the contract. However, he and his friend Atlee soon established a clandestine coining operation near Newburgh, New York. A dozen or so patterns are all that remain from the original idea.
Currently not on view
Object Name
Date made
Physical Description
copper (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
overall: 20 mm x 27.8 mm; 25/32 in x 1 3/32 in
place of issue
United States: New York
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
catalog number
See more items in
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Related Publication
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL
Additional Media

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