United States, New York Gold Pattern, 1785 (Immune Columbia)

Description
Produced at George Wyon's private mint, Birmingham, England. Obverse: Seated figure of Columbia with scales of justice and a Liberty cap, date below. Reverse: All-seeing Eye in a glory with stars, CONSTELLATIO NOVA around. This pattern accompanied a proposed contract coinage to be made in England and shipped to America. This version never went any farther, perhaps in part because the obverse die for this pattern contained a major blunder: the first word should have been IMMUNIS, not IMMUNE. A few pieces were struck in copper, and this one (using an English guinea as a blank) in gold. Such contract proposals continued through the early 1790s, but they never bore fruit. Congress concluded that it was simply too dangerous to entrust producing America's money to a foreign source.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
coin
date made
1785
maker
Wyon III, George
obverse engraver
Wyon III, George
reverse engraver
Wyon III, George
Physical Description
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements
overall: .3 cm x 2.6 cm; 1/8 in x 1 1/32 in
place of issue
United States: New York
ID Number
1988.0063.0060
catalog number
1988.0063.0060
accession number
1988.0063
See more items in
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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