Electric Toaster

Description
A. Side-opening electric two-slice toaster, nickel-plated sheet metal. Trapezoid-shaped body with overhanging top, curved corners, bent rim, pierced with geometric pattern. Doors on either side that open downward to allow bread to be placed into toaster. Each door is pierced with geometric and floral design, has wooden “mushroom” shaped knobs, faceted, on either side to open door. Each end is pierced with a similar design. Hollow base with lobed bottom edge, arched legs with hidden oval Masonite feet at corners. Two-pronged cord attachment at one end. “Hotpoint” debossed in cursive on one side of base. Underside is stamped within cartouche: “CAT. NO. 115T17 W. 550 V. 110/PAT’D FEB. 22 1910 JULY 23 14/EDISON ELECTRIC APPLIANCE CO. INC./CHICAGO MADE IN USA ONTARIO CAL”.
Patents:
US 950058 A, February 22, 1910, Frank E. Shailor, assignor to General Electric Corporation, for “Electric heater”
(Possibly) US 1257106 A, Filed July 23, 1914, Published February 19, 1918, Leon F. Parkhurst, assignor to General Electric Corporation, for “Electric heating device”
B. Power cord, grayish-yellow woven cloth with silver metal coil on one end, molded plastic two-pronged plug, one end is embossed in cursive: “Hotpoint”.
Maker is Edison Electric Appliance Company, founded in 1904 as the Pacific Electric Heating Company by Earl Richardson in order to manufacture a lightweight electric iron he had designed. Richardson registered the “Hotpoint” trademark in 1914, and changed the company’s name to Hotpoint Electric Heating Company. Shortly after, Richardson purchased the rights to the Edison name—which Edison sold to numerous companies over the years—and changed the company’s name to the Edison Electric Appliance Company. In 1918 the company merged with Hughes Electric Heating Company (the heating device section of General Electric), and in 1931 the name of the company changed once again—to the Edison General Electric Company. Three years later the “Edison” name was dropped and it became the Hotpoint Division of General Electric.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
toaster
date made
1923-1929
maker
Edison General Electric Appliance Co., Inc.
Physical Description
metal (overall material)
wood (overall material)
mica (overall material)
cloth (cord material)
plastic (cord material)
Measurements
average spatial: 20 cm x 17.5 cm x 14 cm; 7 7/8 in x 6 7/8 in x 5 1/2 in
overall-toaster: 7 7/8 in x 7 3/8 in x 5 3/8 in; 20.0025 cm x 18.7325 cm x 13.6525 cm
overall-cord folded: 1 1/2 in x 8 1/4 in x 3 1/4 in; 3.81 cm x 20.955 cm x 8.255 cm
place made
United States: Illinois, Chicago
ID Number
1992.0338.06
catalog number
1992.0338.06
accession number
1992.0338
subject
Domestic Furnishings
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Gift of Joyce Barth & Florence E. Scuderi
Additional Media

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