Vela de Pancho Villa

Description
Pancho Villa is one of the most recognizable leaders of the Mexico Revolution. This civil war, which lasted from 1910-1921, was fought to curb U.S. corporate interests and to redistribute agricultural lands, especially for indigenous communities. It was a social revolution that reasserted popular culture and the value of "Mexican-ness." It was also a prolonged, violent conflict that spread death and hunger throughout Mexico, spurring migrants north, mostly into El Paso, Los Angeles, and other historically Mexican U.S. cities. With them came ideas, images, and language for organizing laborers and the rural poor. These ideas and images percolated in the popular culture of Mexican Americans and reappear in the art and activism of Chicanos in the 1960s and 1970s. On the back of this candle depicting Villa are prayers written in English and Spanish asking him to grant the petitioner some of the insight and prowess that enshrined this bandit, social revolutionary, and media star in the mythology of modern Mexico.
Description (Spanish)
Pancho Villa es uno de los líderes más populares de la Revolución de México. Esta guerra civil, que se prolongó desde 1910 hasta 1921, se centró en poner freno a los intereses de las corporaciones estadounidenses y redistribuir las tierras de cultivo, especialmente entre las comunidades indígenas. Se trató de una revolución social para reafirmar la cultura popular y el valor de la "mexicaneidad". Pero constituyó también un largo y violento conflicto que esparció la muerte y el hambre a través de México, instigando la inmigración hacia el norte, mayormente hacia ciudades históricamente mexicanas dentro de los Estados Unidos, como El Paso y Los Ángeles. Con ellos llegaron las ideas, imágenes y lenguaje que organizaron a los trabajadores y los campesinos pobres. Estas ideas e imágenes penetrarían la cultura popular de los mexicoamericanos y reaparecerían en el arte y activismo de los chicanos en las décadas de 1960 y 1970. En la parte de atrás de esta vela con la imagen de Villa hay oraciones escritas en inglés y en español donde los suplicantes piden al héroe que les conceda algo de la lucidez y pericia que consagraron a este bandido, revolucionario social y estrella de los medios, a la mitología del México moderno.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
candle
depicted
Villa, Pancho
Physical Description
wax (overall material)
glass (overall material)
Measurements
average spatial: 22.8 cm x 7 cm; 9 in x 2 3/4 in
ID Number
1991.0741.13
catalog number
1991.0741.13
accession number
1991.0741
subject
Latino
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Religion
Religion
Mexican America
Military
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Title
Pancho Villa Candle
Credit Line
Gift of Richard E. Ahlborn

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