John Pfaff Patent 1-Keyed Flute

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Description (Brief)
This flute was made by John Pfaff in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1857. It is a 1-keyed flute made of boxwood with German silver ferrules and key.

John Pfaff was granted United States Patent #17,054 for “Improvements in Flutes,” April 14, 1857. Pfaff’s patent is for a t-shaped flute which has a mouth-piece at a right angle to the body of the flute. This is done by inserting a bent tube at the top of the body of the flute to accommodate the mouth-piece, allowing the player to hold the flute similar to a clarinet or oboe.
Currently not on view
Date made
Pfaff, John
place made
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Physical Description
rosewood (overall material)
silver (overall material)
overall: 48.8 cm; 19 3/16 in
overall: 19 5/8 in x 3 7/8 in x 1 1/4 in; 49.8475 cm x 9.8425 cm x 3.175 cm
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
patent number
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Culture and the Arts: Musical Instruments
Music & Musical Instruments
Data Source
National Museum of American History