Standard Bimetallic Thermometer

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This is a circular thermometer with scale ranging from -45 to +155 degrees. It is marked "FAHRENHEIT" and "MANUFACTURED FOR / FAIRBANKS & CO. / BY THE / STANDARD THERMOMETER CO. / PEABODY, MASS." and "PATENTED NOVEMBER 10, 1885 / DECEMBER 28, 1886."
The Standard Thermometer Co. was established in Peabody in the mid-1880s and soon employed 21 workmen. It later became the Standard Thermometer & Electric Company. Roger Upton, a Harvard graduate, was president of the firm. Edgar W. Upton, who was also involved with the firm, was an inventor. Among his patents was one (D16989) for the "Design for a Case for Mechanical Thermometers" (1886).
The first date on this thermometer refers to the thermometer patent (#330,161) that was issued to Thomas W. Shepherd of Peabody, Mass., and assigned to Edgar W. Upton. The second date refers to the "Metallic Thermometer" patent (#355,291) issued to George B. St. John of Boston.
Ref: "D. Hamilton Hurd, History of Essex County, Massacusetts," (Philadelphia, 1888), vol. 2, p. 1027.
Beverly, Danvers and Peabody: Their Representative Business Men and Points of Interest (New York, 1893), p. 4.
"Factory of the Standard Thermometer & Electric Company," Electrical World 33 (1899): 33.
Currently not on view
date made
late 19th century
Standard Thermometer Co.
place made
United States: Massachusetts, Peabody
overall: 9 5/16 in; 23.622 cm
overall: 1 3/8 in x 9 1/8 in; 3.4925 cm x 23.1775 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
John William Christopher Draper and James Christopher Draper
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Measuring & Mapping
Thermometers and Hygrometers
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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