Standard Bimetallic Thermometer

This is a circular thermometer with scale ranging from -45 to +155 degrees. It is marked "FAHRENHEIT" and "MANUFACTURED FOR / FAIRBANKS & CO. / BY THE / STANDARD THERMOMETER CO. / PEABODY, MASS." and "PATENTED NOVEMBER 10, 1885 / DECEMBER 28, 1886."
The Standard Thermometer Co. was established in Peabody in the mid-1880s and soon employed 21 workmen. It later became the Standard Thermometer & Electric Company. Roger Upton, a Harvard graduate, was president of the firm. Edgar W. Upton, who was also involved with the firm, was an inventor. Among his patents was one (D16989) for the "Design for a Case for Mechanical Thermometers" (1886).
The first date on this thermometer refers to the thermometer patent (#330,161) that was issued to Thomas W. Shepherd of Peabody, Mass., and assigned to Edgar W. Upton. The second date refers to the "Metallic Thermometer" patent (#355,291) issued to George B. St. John of Boston.
Ref: "D. Hamilton Hurd, History of Essex County, Massacusetts," (Philadelphia, 1888), vol. 2, p. 1027.
Beverly, Danvers and Peabody: Their Representative Business Men and Points of Interest (New York, 1893), p. 4.
"Factory of the Standard Thermometer & Electric Company," Electrical World 33 (1899): 33.
Object Name
Standard bimetallic thermometer
bimetallic thermometer
date made
late 19th century
Standard Thermometer Co.
overall: 9 5/16 in; 23.622 cm
place made
United States: Massachusetts, Peabody
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Measuring & Mapping
Thermometers and Hygrometers
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Thermometers and Hygrometers
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
John William Christopher Draper and James Christopher Draper

Visitor Comments

Add a comment about this object

**Please read before submitting the form**

Have a comment or question about this object to share with the community? Please use the form below. Selected comments will appear on this page and may receive a museum response (but we can't promise). Please note that we generally cannot answer questions about the history, rarity, or value of your personal artifacts.

Have a question about anything else, or would you prefer a personal response? Please visit our FAQ or contact page.

Personal information will not be shared or result in unsolicited e-mail. See our privacy policy.

Enter the characters shown in the image.