Buffalo Soldier Uniform Coat

African American soldiers were allowed to enlist in the regular peacetime army of the United States for the first time at the end of the Civil War. Many of the new regulars had fought as United States Colored Troops during the war. By 1869, four African American regiments—the 9th and 10th Cavalry, the 24th and 25 Infantry—had been dispatched to the western frontier wars. Their duties were not limited to fighting Indians, who first called them "buffalo soldiers." In garrison, they drilled, stood guard, and maintained horses, barracks, weapons, and equipment. In the field, they patrolled harsh terrain in every extreme of weather, built or rebuilt army posts, strung telegraph wire, and escorted settlers, cattle herds, and railroad crews.
Currently not on view
Object Name
associated dates
Associated Date
ca 1914-1918
Blayton, Benjamin B.
Physical Description
cotton (overall material)
metal (overall material)
khaki (overall color)
average spatial: 39 cm x 70 cm; x 15 3/8 in x 27 9/16 in
overall (padded): 28 in x 18 1/2 in x 4 1/2 in; 71.12 cm x 46.99 cm x 11.43 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Clothing & Accessories
Cultures & Communities
See more items in
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Visitor Comments

Add a comment about this object

Submit a comment or ask a question about this object using the form below. Submissions are moderated and may receive a curator response. Please note that we cannot evaluate or appraise your personal artifacts. For other questions or general inquiries please visit our FAQ or contact page.

Personal information will not be shared or result in unsolicited e-mail. See our privacy policy.

Enter the characters shown in the image.