Rutherfurd Diffraction Grating

Description
Charles A. Young, professor of astronomy at the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University), acquired this diffraction grating in 1877. The speculum metal plate measures 3 inches square, with the grating measuring 1.75 inch square. It is marked "Dec. 1, 1877" and "14,941 lines" and "8640 per inch" and "Manf. by D. C. Chapman with Mr. Rutherfurd's Engine. No. 175, 2 Ave. N. Y." Daniel C. Chapman was the mechanic who operated the ruling engine designed and built by Lewis M. Rutherfurd.
Ref: D. J. Warner, "Lewis M. Rutherfurd: Pioneer Astronomical Photographer and Spectroscopist," Technology and Culture 12 (1971): 190-216.
Location
Currently not on view
date made
1877
maker
Rutherfurd, Lewis Morris
place made
United States: New York
Measurements
overall: 73 mm x 73 mm x 7 mm; 2 7/8 in x 2 7/8 in x 9/32 in
overall: 3 3/4 in x 4 11/16 in x 1/2 in; 9.525 cm x 11.90625 cm x 1.27 cm
ID Number
PH*330706
accession number
299612
catalog number
330706
Credit Line
Princeton University
subject
Astronomy
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Science & Mathematics
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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