Rutherfurd Diffraction Grating

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Charles A. Young, the professor of astronomy at the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University), acquired this diffraction grating in 1878. The speculum metal plate measures 3 inches square overall, with the grating measuring 1.75 inch square. It is marked: "May 28, 1878" and "16,560 spaces" and "8648 per inch" and "Manf. by D. C. Chapman with Mr. Rutherfurd's Engine." Daniel C. Chapman was the mechanic who operated the ruling engine designed by Lewis M. Rutherfurd.
Ref. D. J. Warner, "Lewis M. Rutherfurd: Pioneer Astronomical Photographer and Spectroscopist," Technology and Culture 12 (1971): 190-216.
Currently not on view
date made
Rutherfurd, Lewis Morris
place made
United States: New York
overall: 77 mm x 77 mm x 8 mm; 3 1/32 in x 3 1/32 in x 5/16 in
overall: 4 in x 4 in x 1 in; 10.16 cm x 10.16 cm x 2.54 cm
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
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Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Science & Mathematics
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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