Mars Globe

Description
The cartouche reads: “GLOBE DE MARS / dressé / PAR L NIESTEN / d’après les observations faites / A BRUXELLES & A Milan / NOMENCLATURE SCHIAPARELLI / NOMENCLATURE GREEN / J. Lebèque & Co Bruxelles.”
Since the several planets orbit the Sun at different speeds, Mars is better seen at some times than at others. The opposition of 1877, when the Earth was between Mars and the Sun, attracted widespread attention. This small globe is one result of that attention. It was published by J. Lebèque & Co., in Brussels, Belgium, around 1892. The map was drawn by Louis Niesten, a Belgian astronomer. It incorporates the ideas of Giovanni Schiaparelli, an Italian astronomer who saw dark lines on the surface of the Red Planet and referred to them as “canali” (channels). It also incorporates the ideas of Nathaniel Everett Green, an English artist and astronomer who was famous for his drawings of the planets, and who believed the lines to be an optical illusion.
This globe came to the Museum from elsewhere in the Smithsonian Institution. It may have been acquired by Samuel Pierpont Langley, the astrophysicist who served as the third Secretary of the Smithsonian and established the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. In 1900, perhaps in reaction to Nicola Tesla, a quixotic inventor who announced plans to communicate with Martians, the Smithsonian published a lengthy account of Mars and the Martian controversy.
Ref: “Aréographie. Description physique de la planète Mars,” Ciel et Terre 13 (1892): 195-211.
Articles on Mars in (1900): 157-172.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
globe
date made
ca 1892
associated person
Niesten, Louis
Schiaparelli, Giovanni
Green, Nathaniel Everett
maker
J. Lebeque & Co.
Measurements
globe: 4 in; 10.16 cm
overall: 22.7 cm x 9.6 cm; 8 15/16 in x 3 25/32 in
place made
België: Bruxelles, Brussels
ID Number
PH*311768
catalog number
311768
accession number
152769
subject
Measuring & Mapping
Astronomy
Globes
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Globes
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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