Janet Leigh

Description (Brief)
Nickolas Muray color carbro photograph of Janet Leigh for Modern Screen Magazine ca. 1950. Leigh is in blue lace with a white pearl bracelet and necklace. Editing marks in pencil are drawn directly onto the photograph, which has been cropped and imposed upon a white background. There is a green ghost layout of dancers in the background and 'Modern Screen' in hand drawn block letters.
Mount verso: Nickolas Muray and associates stamp. "No. 19 (in pencil). "#18 Janet Lee" (in pencil).
The photograph is mounted on Monogram Illustration Board. Photograph appeared on the cover of the December 1950 issue of Modern Screen.
Description
Nickolas Muray was born in Szeged, Hungary on February 15, 1892. Twelve years after his birth, Muray left his native town and enrolled in a graphic arts school in Budapest. Enrolling in art school was the first step on a road that would eventually lead him to study a photographic printing process called three-color carbro. In the course of his accomplished career, Muray would become an expert in this process and play a key role in bringing color photography to America.
While attending art school in Budapest, Muray studied lithography and photoengraving, earning an International Engraver's Certificate. Muray was also introduced to photography during this time period. His combined interest in photography and printmaking led him to Berlin, Germany to participate in a three-year color-photoengraving course. In Berlin, Muray learned how to make color filters, a first step in the craft that would one day become his trademark. Immediately after the completion of the course, Muray found a good job with a publishing company in Ullstein, Germany. However, the threat of war in Europe forced Muray to flee for America in 1913. Soon after his arrival in New York, Muray was working as a photoengraver for Condé Nast. His specialty was color separations and half-tone negatives.
By 1920, Muray had established a home for himself in the up-and-coming artists' haven of Greenwich Village. He opened a portrait studio out of his apartment and continued to work part time at his engraving job. Harper's Bazaar magazine gave Muray his first big assignment in 1921. The project was to photograph Broadway star Florence Reed. The magazine was so impressed with his photographs that they began to publish his work monthly. This allowed him to give up his part time job and work solely as a photographer. It did not take long for Muray to become one of the most renowned portrait photographers in Manhattan. Muray spent much of the early 1920s photographing the most famous and important personalities in New York at the time.
In his spare time Muray enjoyed fencing. In 1927, he won the National Sabre Championship and in 1928 and 1932, he was on the United States Olympic Team. During World War II, Muray was a flight lieutenant in the Civil Air Patrol.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
photograph
date made
1950
depicted
Leigh, Janet
maker
Muray, Nickolas
Physical Description
paper (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 50.6 cm x 36 cm x .3 cm; 19 15/16 in x 14 3/16 in x 1/8 in
ID Number
PG*007916
catalog number
7916
accession number
258415
subject
Motion Pictures
Magazines
Dance
Photography
Popular Entertainment
Nickolas Muray
See more items in
Culture and the Arts: Photographic History
Nickolas Muray
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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