Watch movement, E. Howard & Co.

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Edward Howard established E. Howard & Co. in Boston in 1842. Originally the business was limited to building clocks, but soon expanded to watches and, later, street and tower clocks.
Movement: spring going barrel, factory identification Series III, half plate, gilt finish, N size (45 mm), 15 jewels, key wind and set at back, bimetallic compensation balance, regulator on back plate; marked on back plate: “E. Howard & Co.,/N/10974 Boston”; marked on balance bridge: “MERSHONS PATENT [regulator] APRIL 26, 1859”; marked around winding arbor: “Reed’s Patent…” [for safety barrel to protect movement from spring]
Dial: white enamel with Roman numerals, blued steel hands (second hand missing), sunk seconds at 6; marked: “E. HOWARD & CO. BOSTON”
Gerit A. Nijssen, "George P. Reed & Hiram W. Smith, Two of Greater Boston's Individual Watchmakers," pp. 3-24, NAWCC BULLETIN Vol. 47/1, No. 354, February 2005.
Clint Geller, A Study of E. Howard & Co. Watchmaking Innovations 1858-1875 (NAWCC Special Order Supplement No. 6, 2005).
Currently not on view
date made
before 1881
Howard, E.
overall: 3/8 in x 1 7/8 in; .9525 cm x 4.7625 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
James Arthur Collection, New York University
See more items in
Work and Industry: Mechanisms
Measuring & Mapping
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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