Cincinnati Type Foundry Army press

Description (Brief)
This Cincinnati Type Foundry Army Press was invented in 1860 and was sold during the American Civil War and until at least the 1910s; it is marked 'Cin'ti Type Foundry.' The press has a height of 15 7/8 inches a width of 33 inches and length of 27 inches.
The mechanism for the press was invented by Henry Barth, foundry manager from 1861, who later invented an automatic type caster that revolutionized the manufacture of type later in the 19th century. The press is believed to date from about 1875 especially as it is marked as a 6-column size, indicating post-war manufacture.
The Cincinnati Type Foundry (CTF) of Cincinnati, OH, began manufacturing these presses in 1862 for the Union Army. The Foundry ceased production after the war, but because of popular demand resumed production soon afterward. The small, portable presses later became popular in the West and throughout the United States.
The CTF Army Press had adjustments for pressure and feeding the paper and allowed for more precise control. It worked more like the operation of a full-sized press and was offered in several sizes to print different newspaper formats. Other manufacturers of the time made variations on this style of press, as it was not protected by patent, and variations continued to be offered in supply catalogues as late as 1912.
Description
Henry Barth of the Cincinnati Type Foundry designed this cylinder press, known as the Army Press, for use by the armed forces during the Civil War. To make up for lost business early in the war, the Foundry also manufactured bullets for the State of Indiana and Gatling guns used in the New Orleans campaign.
The Army Press was listed as resembling the modern common hand press in having ways, bed, tympan and fisket and a rotating cylinder that, unlike the Adams's Cottage press, moved with the press bed.
Location
Currently not on view
date made
ca 1862
ca 1860
inventor
Barth, Henry
manufacturer
Cincinnati Type Foundry
place made
United States: Ohio, Cincinnati
Physical Description
metal (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 15 7/8 in x 33 in x 27 in; 40.3225 cm x 83.82 cm x 68.58 cm
ID Number
2005.0133.01
accession number
2005.0133
catalog number
2005.0133.01
Credit Line
Gift of Homer Martin
subject
Civil War
related event
Civil War
See more items in
Culture and the Arts: Graphic Arts
Cultures & Communities
Industry & Manufacturing
Work
Communications
Civil War Field Printing
Military
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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