Biobibliographical Documents on Women Mathematicians

The following is a list, mainly of women mathematicians, of those who submitted biographical and bibliographical information about themselves to the Division of Mathematics of NMAH. Many of these women attended a 1981 meeting at the Museum that honored American women who received PhDs in mathematics prior to World War II. Others on the list later submitted the same sort of information to the division between 1981 and 1987.
Also on this list are seven male mathematicians, two of whom are fathers of women on the list and five of whom are husbands of women on the list. With the exception of Vera (Ames) Widder (1909–2004), Bryn Mawr College, 1938, all those who attended the 1981 meeting returned questionnaires. For each person listed we give name, dates of birth and death, school awarding doctorate, and year of that degree. A name in parentheses is the surname before marriage, and a number in parentheses at the end of an entry refers to a comment following the list. An asterisk before a name means that the woman attended the 1981 meeting.
*Aitchison, Beatrice (1908–1997), PhD, Johns Hopkins University, 1933
Arnoldy, Sister Mary Nicholas (1893–1985), PhD, Catholic University, 1933
Baker, Frances E. (1902–1995), PhD, University of Chicago, 1934
Baker, Richard P. (1866–1937), PhD, University of Chicago, 1910 (1)
Bechtolsheim, Lulu (Hofmann) (1902–1989), PhD, University of Zürich, 1927
Bower, Julia Wells (1903–1999), PhD, University of Chicago, 1933
Boyce, Fannie W. (1897–1986), PhD, University of Chicago, 1938
*Burke, Sister Leonarda (1900–1998), PhD, Catholic University, 1931
Carlson, Elizabeth (1896–2000), PhD, University of Minnesota, 1924
Cole, Nancy (1902–1991), PhD, Radcliffe College, 1934
Darkow, Marguerite D. (1893–1992), PhD, University of Chicago, 1924 (2)
*Epstein, Marion (Greenebaum) (b. 1915), PhD, Bryn Mawr College, 1938
Frink, Aline (Huke) (1904–2000), PhD, University of Chicago, 1930
Frink, Orrin (1901–1988), PhD, Columbia University, 1926 (3)
*Frisch, Sister Elizabeth (1901–1993), PhD, Catholic University, 1940
Fry, Cleota G. (1910–2001), PhD, Purdue University, 1939
Gibbens, Gladys (1893–1983), PhD, University of Chicago, 1920
Greenfield, Bella (Manel) (1915–2010), PhD, New York University, 1939 (4)
Griffin, Harriet (1903–1991), PhD, New York University, 1939
*Haynes, Nola (Anderson) (1897–1996), PhD, University of Missouri, 1929
Hazard, Clifton Terrell (1885–1963), MA, Indiana University, 1913 (5)
Hazard, Katharine E. (1915–1992), PhD, University of Chicago, 1940
Hedberg, Ermest A. (1903–1961), PhD, University of Missouri, 1935 (6)
Hedberg, Marguerite (Zeigel) (1907–2002), PhD, University of Missouri, 1932
*Henriques, Anna (Stafford) (1905–2004), PhD, University of Chicago, 1933
Hill, Sister Mary Laetitia (1898–1992), PhD, Catholic University, 1935
Hopkins, Margarete C. (Wolf ) (1911–1998), PhD, University of Wisconsin, 1935
*Hopper, Grace (Murray) (1906–1992), PhD, Yale University, 1934
*Humphreys, M. Gweneth (1911–2006), PhD, University of Chicago, 1935
Huston, Antoinette (Killen) (1904–1993), PhD, University of Chicago, 1934
Huston, Ralph E. (1902–1969), PhD, University of Chicago, 1932 (7)
Johnson, Roberta F. (1902–1988), PhD, Cornell University, 1933
Kanarik, Rosella (Kanarik) (b. 1909), PhD, University of Pittsburgh, 1934
Lester, Caroline A. (1902–1996), PhD, University of Wisconsin, 1937
Maria, A. J. (1896-1964), PhD, Rice Institute, 1925 (8)
Maria, May (Hickey) (1904–2001), PhD, Rice Institute, 1929
Mayer, Joanna Isabel (1904–1991), PhD, Marquette University, 1931 (9)
McCoy, Dorothy (1903–2001), PhD, University of Iowa, 1929
*McKee, Ruth (Stauffer) (1910–1993), PhD, Bryn Mawr College, 1935
Mears, Florence M. (1896–1995), PhD, Cornell University, 1927
Montague, Harriet F. (1905–1997), PhD, Cornell University, 1935
Newton, Abba V. (1908–1996), PhD, University of Chicago, 1933
Noble, Andrewa (1908–1993), PhD, University of California, 1935
O’Brien, Katharine (1901–1998), PhD, Brown University, 1939
*Price, Irene (1902–1999), PhD, Indiana University, 1932
*Quinn, Grace (Shover) (1906–1998), PhD, Ohio State University, 1931
Rayl, Adrienne S. (1898–1989), PhD, University of Chicago, 1939 (10)
*Reavis , Mabel (Griffin) (1907–1999), PhD, Duke University, 1933
Reschovsky, Helene J. (1907–1994), PhD, University of Vienna 1930
*Schneckenburger, Edith R. (1908–1990), PhD, University of Michigan, 1940
*Sullivan, Sister M. Helen (1907–1998), PhD, Catholic University, 1934
Tuller, Annita (1910–1994), PhD, Bryn Mawr College, 1937
Wakerling, R. K. (1914–1999), PhD, University of California, 1939 (11)
Wakerling, Virginia (Wood) (1915–1997), PhD, University of California, 1940
(1) R. P. Baker was the father of Frances E. Baker, who completed his questionnaire.
(2) Margarete D. Darkow’s questionnaire was completed by her sister, Felice E. Darkow.
(3) Orrin Frink was the husband of Aline Huke Frink.
(4) There is no questionnaire from Bella Greenfield, only a curriculum vitae.
(5) Clifton Terrell Hazard was the father of Katharine E. Hazard, who completed his questionnaire. He did not possess a PhD but was a professor of mathematics at Purdue University.
(6) Ernest A. Hedberg was the husband of Marguerite Zeigel Hedberg, who completed his questionnaire.
(7) Ralph E. Huston was the husband of Antoinette Killen Huston, who completed his questionnaire.
(8) A. J. Maria was the husband of May Hickey Maria, who completed his questionnaire.
(9) There is no questionnaire from Joanna Isabel Mayer, only correspondence.
(10) Adrienne S. Rayl submitted a questionnaire completed with the assistance of her nephew, Donald R. Wilken.
(11) R. K. Wakerling was the husband of Virginia W. Wakerling.
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Medicine and Science: Mathematics
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Women Mathematicians
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National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center


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