Citizen Fire Company Parade Hat

In the early 1800s, classical images associated with Greece and Rome became popular in America. In art and architecture, Americans sought to link their young nation to these republics of antiquity. The Roman goddess Libertas, representing personal sovereignty, was changed into Lady Liberty and adopted as an American symbol. The Citizen Fire Company chose Liberty as their emblem at its founding in 1836. Depicted on this parade hat, the female figure holds an American shield in one hand representing strength and protection. The red liberty cap atop a pole in Liberty's other hand was an internationally known symbol of the American Revolution that was also adopted from the Roman Empire.
Currently not on view
Object Name
hat, fire
Date made
Citizen Fire Company #3
Physical Description
painted (overall production method/technique)
pressed felt (overall material)
yellow (overall color)
red (brim; banner color)
gold (trim color)
black (; letter highlighting color)
green (banner color)
paint (overall material)
overall: 8 1/2 in x 10 in x 15 in; 21.59 cm x 25.4 cm x 38.1 cm
Place Made
United States
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Fire Fighting
Fraternal Associations
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Fire Fighting and Law Enforcement
Cultures & Communities
Artifact Walls exhibit
Clothing & Accessories
Family & Social Life
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Gift of CIGNA Museum and Art Collection
Related Publication
Harden, J. David. Liberty Caps and Liberty Trees
Korshak, Yvonne. The Liberty Cap as a Revolutionary Symbol in America and France
McCosker, M.J.. The Historical Collection of the Insurance Company of North America
Additional Media

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