Photograph of Sanchez Children

Pictured are Abundio and Concepción “Concha” Sanchez’s children, Refugio, Soledad, Guadalupe, Arnulfo, and Maria, around 1919. They opened a grocery store, The Mexican Mercantile in Fillmore, California about 1921.
Concha Sanchez and her family followed the path of many Mexican immigrants who turned their traditional foodways into a staple of community life. Concha and Abundio Sanchez migrated from Mexico in 1912 at the beginning of the Mexican Revolution. Through the 1920s, they worked in Kansas, in Texas, and in the produce fields of California, eventually opening a grocery store. When that failed in the Great Depression, Concha supported her family by creating a tortilleria, making and selling tortillas in her Ventura County neighborhood. Instead of making them by hand, as Mexican women had done for centuries, she used the new electric and gas-fired equipment bought by her son to produce tortillas and tamales for sale.
date made
ca 1920
place made
United States: California
Physical Description
paper (overall material)
overall: 17.7 cm x 12.8 cm; 6 15/16 in x 5 1/16 in
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Cultures & Communities
FOOD: Transforming the American Table 1950-2000
Family & Social Life
Artifact Walls
Exhibition Location
National Museum of American History
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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