Army Artillery Private's Trousers, Model 1860

These model 1860 mounted quartermaster red seal sample trousers were designed to be worn by an artillery private in the U.S. Army. Unlined sky blue kersey wool twill trousers with a five button fly, and six buttons around the waistband. Three of the five buttons on the fly are gutta percha, and the rest are tin. Waist buttons are tin. There are vertical slash pockets set into the side seams of each leg and a watch pocket of the right side of the waistband. There is a "V" shaped slit with a reinforced eyelet hole on each side at the back waist. A second band of stitching reinforces the opening at the back center seam. There is a second layer of wool kersey reinforcement extending from the seat of the pants to the bottom cuffs. The waistband facing and pockets are made of cotton twill. Seven inches of the back seam from the opening of the waist adjustment has been covered with cotton fabric. There is a stamp on the waistband facing front left which is illegible. There is a red sealing wax quartermaster sample seal on the front left which is currently protected with mylar. Heavy brown thread was used to sew on the buttons and finish the button holes. There is a one inch slit at the bottom of the outside seam of each leg. There is a pair of small tin buttons sewn to the inside and outside seams of the inside of the trouser cuff. The trouser legs had been shortened by four inches at the cuff and taken in at the waist by 4 inches. On the left back waistband there is dark blue hand stitching which appears to have at attached a label which is now missing. In a pocket is a label with a small button attached that says: Light art trousers 1861 Rs, MC-113-B pattern made.
Currently not on view
used date
associated date
Physical Description
sky blue (overall color)
wool (overall material)
tin (buttons material)
wax (seal material)
red (seal color)
gutta percha (buttons material)
overall: 33 in x 35 in; 83.82 cm x 88.9 cm
overall (padded): 44 in x 14 in x 3 in; 111.76 cm x 35.56 cm x 7.62 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
See more items in
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War Uniforms
Civil War
Military Uniforms
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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