"Eagle on Top of Globe" Engine Panel Painting

Description
In the nineteenth century, volunteer fire companies often commissioned paintings to decorate their hand-pumped fire engines for parades, competitions, and community events. Sometimes framed with elaborate carvings, they adorned the tall air chamber located at the middle or rear of a pumper. The paintings would often feature patriotic, heroic, or allegorical images to associate the volunteer companies with these lofty ideals.
This painting belonged to the Eagle Fire Engine Company No. 13 of New York, New York that was active from 1783 until 1865. The oil painting was created by an unknown artist around 1863. The image consists of an eagle perched on a globe, with an American flag and Phrygian cap on the flagpole. The cap is also known as a liberty cap, a symbol of freedom from tyranny. The fire company named itself after the eagle, the national bird of the United States. The imagery of the eagle connotes patriotism as well as the eagle’s history as a symbol of strength and immortality. This painting and its companion (2005.0233.0311) would have adorned either side of the company’s engine.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
painting, engine panel
date made
ca 1863
maker
unknown
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
oil paint (image material)
Measurements
overall: 27 in x 29 in; 68.58 cm x 73.66 cm
used
United States: New York, New York
ID Number
2005.0233.0310
accession number
2005.0233
catalog number
2005.0233.0310
subject
Fire Fighting
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Fire Fighting and Law Enforcement
Work
Cultures & Communities
Art
Engine Panel Paintings
Firefighting Collection
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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