Conical graduate

Description (Brief)
The glass graduate is a form of glassware used for measuring precise volumes of liquids, particularly by pharmacists. Over time, the graduate has been produced in a variety of shapes, from a flat-bottomed, beaker form to a footed cylinder, tumbler, or cone.
Whitall Tatum Company was among the first American glass companies to manufacture chemical glassware, starting as early as the late 1870s. Based in Millville, New Jersey, the company’s factory produced chemical and other glassware for over 150 years, finally closing its doors in 1999.
Whitall Tatum donated this object to the museum in 1931, at the request of Charles Whitebread, assistant curator in the Division of Medicine. Whitebread planned to use the object as a part of a series of exhibits illustrating “historical and practical phases of medicine and pharmacy.”
Harrison, Charles. Cumberland County, New Jersey: 265 Years of History. The History Press, 2013.
Levy, Bernard. “Pharmacy Graduates in Use from 1880 to 1920.” Pharmacy in History 26, no. 3 (1984): 150–54.
National Museum of American History Accession File #113583
Rosenfeld, Louis. Four Centuries of Clinical Chemistry. CRC Press, 1999.
Whitall Tatum & Company. “Whitall Tatum & Co. Glass Ware,” 1879.
Currently not on view
Object Name
date made
ca 1931
Whitall Tatum Company
overall: 5 11/16 in x 2 1/8 in x 2 3/8 in; 14.44625 cm x 5.3975 cm x 6.0325 cm
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Science & Scientific Instruments
Science & Mathematics
Science Under Glass
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Science Under Glass
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Gift of Whitall Tatum Company

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