Designating Flag, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps

Description
Physical Description:
Rectangular wool bunting flag. White field with a large red diamond in the center of the flag. The white hoist has a metal grommet at each end. Inscription on hoist reads "From/Wm. F. Scheible/Philada. Pa./Contract. March 23, 1865 1st DIV/Head/Quarters 3rd Army Corps".
General Description:
Third Army Corps (26 June - 12 September 1862)
The diamond shaped lozange, a symbol adopted by the Third Army Corps under General Philip Kearny, became the ensign for the corps flags. The use of corps badges today may be traced to a spontaneous beginning with a directive from General Kearny. According to legend, General Kearny mistakenly reprimanded a group of soldiers from a corps other than his own while on march. To eliminate future confusion, he issued diamond shaped badges of cloth, known as "Kearny Patches," to be worn on the crown pieces of the caps of the soldiers.
The necessity of identifying corps, division, and brigades on the battlefield soon led to a requirement that all corps in the Union Army be represented with a designating badge. Often the badges were used on the corps equipment and flags. For many corps, the badge introduced an ensign that served thereafter as an enduring symbol in its heraldic lineage. Although the original Third Army Corps flags probably carried the "white cross botonny with red 'three' found in other Army of the Potomac Corps,:" (Todd p. 323), shown here is the regulation diamond shape used after 1864. Flags of the third Army Corps were carried in all the battles of the Army of the Potomac except Antietam (Boatner, p. 189).
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
flag, designating
date made
1865
maker
William F. Scheible
Physical Description
wool (overall material)
metal (grommets material)
place made
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
ID Number
AF*25264E
catalog number
25264E
accession number
64127
subject
Flags
Civil War
related event
Civil War
See more items in
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Civil War
Flags
Designating Flags
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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