Fire Badge "New London Fire Dept."

Description
This is a rounded metal fire badge that would have been worn on the collar or on a soft cap. The badge has a stippled back surface with a hat at top and shield with two hoses at the bottom. The badge bears the inscription "NEW LONDON / FIRE DEPT." in banners at top and bottom, with the number"219" in the middle. This New London Fire Department badge likely came from New London, Connecticut.
Metal firefighter’s badges were a part of the firefighter’s uniform since volunteer companies began to proliferate in the early 19th century. As volunteer companies gave way to municipal fire departments during the mid–19th century, these badges became mandated by uniform codes. Badges served as official identification at fire scenes, as access to derelict buildings by unscrupulous citizens could result in looting. Fire badges came in a variety of shapes, most notably circular, shield–shaped, or the Maltese cross. While shield–shaped badges were often worn on the chest, circular and cross-shaped badges can be seen on jacket lapels or soft caps. Badges usually detailed the company’s name, number and department, and were often decorated with various symbols of the profession such as hose carriages, hand–pumped engines, hoses, trumpets, helmets, hooks, and ladders. For paid municipal companies, many badges also featured the badge number of the wearer.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
badge, fireman's
fire badge
date made
late 19th century
maker
unknown
Physical Description
metal (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 2 1/4 in x 1 7/8 in; 5.715 cm x 4.7625 cm
place made
United States
ID Number
2005.0233.1263
accession number
2005.0233
catalog number
2005.0233.1263
subject
Work
Firefighting Collection
Fire Badges
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Fire Fighting and Law Enforcement
Fire Badges
Firefighting Collection
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Gift of CIGNA Museum and Art Collection

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