Fire Badge "Yonkers Fire Department 443"

Description
This circular metal fire badge was used by the Yonkers, New York fire department. Yonkers instituted a paid fire department in 1896, and this badge would have been used after that time. The badge has a rim that is made to resemble a riveted fire hose. At the bottom of the badge is a crossed axe, trumpet, and hose nozzle. The upper banner reads “YONKERS FIRE” and the lower banner reads “DEPARTMENT” in raised silver letters. The raised number “443” made of Prince’s metal is in the center of the badge.
Metal firefighter’s badges were a part of the firefighter’s uniform since volunteer companies began to proliferate in the early 19th century. As volunteer companies gave way to municipal fire departments during the mid–19th century, these badges became mandated by uniform codes. Badges served as official identification at fire scenes, as access to derelict buildings by unscrupulous citizens could result in looting. Fire badges came in a variety of shapes, most notably circular, shield–shaped, or the Maltese cross. While shield–shaped badges were often worn on the chest, circular and cross-shaped badges can be seen on jacket lapels or soft caps. Badges usually detailed the company’s name, number and department, and were often decorated with various symbols of the profession such as hose carriages, hand–pumped engines, hoses, trumpets, helmets, hooks, and ladders. For paid municipal companies, many badges also featured the badge number of the wearer.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
badge, fireman's
date made
late 19th century
maker
unknown
Physical Description
metal (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 1 3/4 in x 1 1/2 in; 4.445 cm x 3.81 cm
place made
United States
associated place
United States: New York
ID Number
2005.0233.1351
accession number
2005.0233
catalog number
2005.0233.1351
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Fire Fighting and Law Enforcement
Work
Fire Badges
Firefighting Collection
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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