Sholes & Schwalbach Patent Model for Improvement in Type-Writing Machines

Inventors C. Latham Sholes and Matthias Schwalback of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, submitted this typewriter model with their patent application for an improved up strike key lever mechanism for printing onto paper. The inventors received number 182,511 on September 9, 1876. The typewriter has two rows of keys in roughly alphabetical layout as well as the numbers 7 and 8. When struck, the keys would rise up and hit the piece of paper lying horizontally on the platen of the typewriter. The carriage would have to be lifted for the typist to see their typed words.
Currently not on view
Object Name
patent model, typewriter
date made
ca 1872
patent granted by United States Patent Office
Sholes, C. Latham
Schwalbach, Matthias
Sholes, C. Latham
Schwalbach, Matthias
Physical Description
metal (overall material)
wood (overall material)
overall: 9 1/2 in x 7 1/2 in x 11 in; 24.13 cm x 19.05 cm x 27.94 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
patent number
Office Machines
See more items in
Work and Industry: Mechanisms
Industry & Manufacturing
Patent Models
Computers & Business Machines
Invention and the Patent Model
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Media

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