1837 Mason's Patent Model of a Loom Temple

Description
Self-Adjusting Loom Temple Patent Model
Patent No. 291, issued July 22, 1837
Samuel P. Mason of Newport, Rhode Island
Temples are attachments on looms designed to keep the cloth at a uniform width during weaving. Self-acting temples required no adjustment as the cloth was woven, for they automatically adjusted their position. The greater speed obtained with power weaving made the use of self-acting temples a necessity.
The basic construction of Mason’s temples was similar to others of the period. The patented feature of his temple concerned the arrangement of the parts by which the jaws or forceps were forced open and released their hold on the cloth.
Mason patented other useful textile machinery. Notable were an 1830 speeder for roving cotton (a speeder is a machine used in cotton yarn spinning that inserts a twist to the yarn and winds it on the bobbin) and a cotton whipper (a machine that separates clumps of cotton) in 1834. James Montgomery, in his 1840 edition of “Cotton manufacture of the United States Contrasted with that of Great Britain,” wrote that he considered the whipper the best, cheapest, and simplest that he had seen in factory use over a span of thirty years.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
loom temple patent model
model constructed
before 1837-07-22
patent date
1837-07-22
inventor
Mason, Samuel P.
Physical Description
metal (overall material)
associated place
United States: Rhode Island, Rhode Island, Newport
ID Number
TE*T11414.073
patent number
291
catalog number
T11414.073
patent number
001838
accession number
89797
subject
Textiles
Patent Models
Patent Models
Invention
Patent Models, Textile Machinery
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Textiles
Patent Models
Patent Models, Textile Machinery
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
listed
Janssen, Barbara Suit. Patent Models Index

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