New York Training School Certificate Examinations

In 1843, the New York State Legislature authorized the state superintendent of schools to set examinations and issue certificates to teachers that were valid statewide. New York was the first state to do this. The law was modified several times over the next few years. By 1909, the Education Department of the State of New York had a complex system of certificates, with separate licenses for college graduates, for graduates of state teacher training schools, and for experienced teachers who did not have these academic qualifications.
Brooklyn mathematics teacher L. Leland Locke collected Training School Certificate examinations given between 1911 and 1928. Until 1914, these tests were given by the Education Department of the State of New York. From 1914 onward they are listed as given by the State University of New York. Included in this collection are some 32 tests and groups of tests, namely:
1. Geography / Physiology and Hygiene, January 19, 1911(sheet)
2. Drawing, June 1911 (sheet)
3. American History with Civics / Reading, Writing and Spelling, January 15,1912 (sheet)
4. Arithmetic, January 16,1912 (sheet)
5. Drawing, January 19, 1912 (sheet)
6. History of Education, January 19, 1912 (sheet)
7. Language, Composition and Grammar, January 16, 1912 (sheet)
8. School Management, January 17, 1912 (sheet)
9. American History with Civics / Reading, Writing, and Spelling, June 16, 1913 (sheet)
10 & 11. Arithmetic, June 17, 1913 (1 white & 1 green sheet)
12. Drawing, January 24, 1913 (sheet)
14. History of Education, June 20, 1913 (sheet)
15. Language, Composition, and Grammar, June 17, 1913 (sheet)
16. Language, Composition and Grammar, January 21, 1913 (sheet)
17. Psychology, June 18, 1913 (sheet)
18 & 19. School Management, January 22, 1913 (1 white & 1 green sheet)
20 & 21. School Management, June 18, 1913 (1 white & 1 green sheet)
22. American History with Civics / Reading, Writing, and Spelling, January 19, 1914 (sheet)
23 & 24. Sheets, Arithmetic, January 20, 1914 (1 white & 1 green sheet)
25. Language, Composition and Grammar, January 20, 1914 (sheet) 26. Arithmetic, January 19, 1915 (sheet)
27. Drawing, January 22, 1915 (sheet)
28. History of Education, January 22, 1915 (sheet)
29. Language, Composition and Grammar, January 19, 1915 (sheet)
30. School Management, January 20, 1915 (sheet)
In addition to the subjects listed above, the Training School Certificate examinations ordered in 1909 included tests in teaching English and nature study.
Charles W. Bardeen, The New York School Officers Handbook: A Manual of Common School Law, Syracuse, NY: C. W. Bardeen, 1910, pp. 287–312.
Currently not on view
Object Name
tests, group of
date made
Physical Description
paper (overall material)
overall: 2 cm x 15.4 cm x 22.9 cm; 25/32 in x 6 1/16 in x 9 1/32 in
place made
United States: New York
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Arithmetic Teaching
Science & Mathematics
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Arithmetic Teaching
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Gift of Grove City College
Additional Media

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