Hybrid III Crash Test Dummy, 1990s (right)

General Motors introduced the Hybrid II crash test dummy in 1972 to provide better performance than other dummies made by specialized manufacturers. In the 1970s, GM began developing the more sophisticated Hybrid III, a sensitive, humanlike dummy that simulated and measured injuries to many parts of the body. Hybrid III had a better defined head, neck, spine, and posture than Hybrid II, and its 41 channels of information (compared to 8 channels in Hybrid II) measured impact to the head, torso, knee, and leg with greater precision. In 1997 the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration certified Hybrid III as the only dummy to be used for compliance testing.
Currently not on view
date made
Physical Description
steel (overall material)
vinyl (overall material)
fabric clothing (overall material)
overall (seated): 55 in x 17 in x 30 in; 139.7 cm x 43.18 cm x 76.2 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
Gift of General Motors Corporation
See more items in
Work and Industry: Transportation, Road
Road Transportation
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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