Lettuce Carrier

The Emergency Farm Labor Program, or the Bracero Program, brought laborers from Mexico to the United States on short-term contracts between 1942 and 1964. In the lettuce fields of Stanislaus and Imperial Counties in California, field laborers used small, square wheel barrows, called humps to pack and move boxes of lettuce. Each box held about twenty-four or thirty heads. This hump was used in the California fields of the Jerry Pepelis Packing Company from 1960 until 1964, when the Bracero Program ended. By then, humps were abandoned for more efficient, automated methods of harvesting.
Object Name
lettuce hump
Physical Description
metal (overall material)
paint (overall material)
rubber (overall material)
overall: lettuce hump frame: 22 7/8 in x 15 3/16 in; 58.1025 cm x 38.57625 cm
overall: lettuce hump wheel: 11 3/4 in; 29.845 cm
overall: individual boxes (flat): 36 3/4 in x 25 1/4 in; 93.345 cm x 64.135 cm
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Food Culture
See more items in
Work and Industry: Agriculture
FOOD: Transforming the American Table 1950-2000
Food: Transforming the American Table, 1950-2000
Exhibition Location
National Museum of American History
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
gift of Jerry Pepelis
Additional Media

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