Paulin Aneroid Altimeter

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Joshua Gabriel Paulin, in Sweden, developed an aneroid barometer with an adjustable capsule that was suitable for use in altimetry. This example is marked, on its face, “PRECISION ALTIMETER / Patented” and “System Paulin / Stockholm” and “MADE IN SWEDEN BY C.E. JOHANSSON, ESKILSTUNA.” The outer scale around the circumference extends from 4000 to 9700 feet and the inner one extends from -900 to +4000 feet, and both are graduated to 10-feet intervals. The back of the case in marked "MADE IN SWEDEN A1217 PAT'D U.S.A. SEPT 9-19 APR 13-26."
A gold label on the leather case is marked “The American Paulin System INC. 1220 MAPLE AVENUE LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA.” This company termed this model “The ENGINEER” and, in 1929, sold it for $125.
Ref: J.G. Paulin, "Fluid-Pressure Indicator," U.S. Patent 1,315,858 (1919).
Paulin, "Instrument for Measuring Pressures and Forces," U.S. Patent 1,580,568 (1926).
W.E.K. Middleton, (Baltimore, 1964), pp. 421-422.
The American Paulin System, Inc., Catalog (1929), section III.
Currently not on view
date made
ca 1929-1940
place made
Sverige: Södermanland, Eskilstuna
overall: 4 1/2 in; 11.43 cm
overall in case: 3 7/8 in x 5 7/8 in; 9.8425 cm x 14.9225 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
University of Missouri-Columbia
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Measuring & Mapping
Data Source
National Museum of American History


I am curious as to why this device was eventually named the "American" Paulin System. Did an American company buy the patent?
I have a unit like this with an inner scale going from -800 to +1400 and the outer scale going from 1400 to 3600. This model was probably used for sea level work.

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