Pocket Aneroid Barometer

This is a small instrument in a silvered case, 1¼ inches diameter, and ⅞ inches deep. The circumference of the face is marked “SEMMONS OCULIST OPTICIAN, 687 BROADWAY, NEW YORK” and “S. M. R. R. C. F. S. F. V. D.” The altitude scale reads from –1,000 to +12,000 feet, in increments of 100 feet. The pressure scale reads from 19 to 31 inches of mercury, in fifths of an inch. There is a leather case that also holds a mercury thermometer and a magnifying lens.
This may have been made in the early 1870s when an optician names Semmons was in business in New York, and selling instruments imported from Europe. The U.S. Weather Bureau transferred it to the Smithsonian in 1954.
Object Name
pocket aneroid barometer
date made
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Measuring & Mapping
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
U.S. Weather Bureau

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