Miner's Russian Orthodox Cross

Michael Simon, a Latvian immigrant and devout member of the Russian Orthodox Church of the Old Believers wore this Orthodox Cross as he labored in Pennsylvania coal mines during the 1890s. The Russian Orthodox Cross has three bars, the top represents the plate with INRI (Latin initials for Jesus, King of the Jews) and the bottom bar is a slanted footstool.
Object Name
Physical Description
brass (overall material)
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Cultures & Communities
American Enterprise
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Work and Industry: Production and Manufacturing
American Enterprise
American Enterprise
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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