MAP / of route pursued by U.S. Troops, from Fort Smith, Arkansas, to Santa Fe, New Mexico / SOUTH SIDE OF CANADIAN RIVER, / in the year 1849.

In 1849, shortly after gold was discovered in California, some 3,000 immigrants traveled along the Canadian River from Fort Smith in Arkansas to Old Fort Holmes, in what is now Oklahoma. Since their route passed through the Commanche buffalo range, the immigrants were escorted by troops led by Capt. Randolph Barnes Marcy (1812-1887), a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy who spent much of his career as an Army officer in the American West.
This map extends from about 34°30' to about 36°10' north latitude, and from about 94°10' to about 97°35' longitude west of Greenwich. The scale is 10 miles to the inch. There is a table of distances from Fort Smith. The full title reads: MAP / of route pursued by U.S. Troops, from Fort Smith, Arkansas, to Santa Fe, New Mexico / SOUTH SIDE OF CANADIAN RIVER, / in the year 1849. / Whilst serving as an Escort to a part of California Emigrants. / Escort commanded and Location and Construction of Road directed by / Cap. R. B. Marcy, 5th Infy assisted as far as Topofke Creek by Byt Cap. F. T. Dent, 5th Infy / Exploration and Survey of the route by / 1st Lieut. JAMES H. SIMPSON, U.S.T. Engrs / assisted as far as Topofke Creek, by Cap. Dent, and all the way through by Mr. Thos A. P. Champlin. / projected & drawn by / Lt Simpson, assisted by Mr E. M. Kern, and Mr Champlin. The text at bottom reads “P. S. Duval’s Steam Lith press Phil.”
Ref: W. Eugene Hollon, Beyond the Cross Timbers: The Travels of Randolph B. Marcey, 1812-1887 (Norman, 1955).
Currently not on view
Object Name
Physical Description
paper (overall material)
overall: 16 in x 24 in; 40.64 cm x 60.96 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Prints from the Physical Sciences Collection
Measuring & Mapping
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Prints from the Physical Sciences Collection
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
National Archives and Records Service

Visitor Comments

Add a comment about this object

**Please read before submitting the form**

Have a comment or question about this object to share with the community? Please use the form below. Selected comments will appear on this page and may receive a museum response (but we can't promise). Please note that we generally cannot answer questions about the history, rarity, or value of your personal artifacts.

Have a question about anything else, or would you prefer a personal response? Please visit our FAQ or contact page.

Personal information will not be shared or result in unsolicited e-mail. See our privacy policy.

Enter the characters shown in the image.