Goosen Mitral Heart Valve

Description (Brief)
This valve was developed by Dr. Carl Goosen of the University of Cape Town, South Africa. One issue with this valve was its thick orifice. When the orifice is thick, the opening gets smaller. This means less blood will go through, creating more work for the heart. The ball at the top (added to prevent a piece from falling out) is not durable and runs the risk of wearing out and breaking. This valve was never implanted but was tested on animals. Dr. Goosen worked with colleague Dr. Christian Barnard (1922-2001) to design a new heart valve prosthesis.
Currently not on view
Object Name
artificial heart valve
date made
after 1960
Physical Description
cloth (valve material)
metal (valve material)
plastic (valve material)
overall: 2.5 cm x 4 cm; 31/32 in x 1 9/16 in
place made
South Africa: Western Cape, Province of the, Cape Town
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Health & Medicine
Artificial Heart Valves
Artificial Organs
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Artificial Heart Valves
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Gift of Manuel Villafaña
Additional Media

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